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Live transportation of buffaloes into Nepal: A cruel scenario

The Nepal Weekly Thursday, Mar 21, 2019 167
Innumerable live stocks enter into Kathmandu violating the regulations and guidelines set by the government of Nepal. While animal transportation is mostly inhumane, the level of cruelty is notched up while transporting live buffaloes. India is the main supplier of buffalos. A truck, full of buffaloes making way to Kathmandu takes at least 22 - 24 hours.
The miseries in the eyes of these animals reflect the tales of the painful travel in a cramped captivity. The tails and noses are tied onto the vehicle’s hood with a sturdy cord to limit their moving space. Moreover, not a single drop of water is provided to the buffaloes throughout the journey. 
According to Animal Transportation Standards 2007, while transporting animals, if animals suffer from stress, suffocation, bruising, heart stroke, haste, sunburn, bloating, poisoning, predation, dehydration, exhaustion, injury, pain, fight and break down of organs, then it shall be deemed careless treatment with the animal.
The standards further state that the transporters should allot a minimum of 0.84 square meters of area per buffalo while transporting. A single truck, therefore, cannot carry more than 15 buffaloes.  However, buffalo transporters in Nepal have been blatantly violating the set protocol.
The data of Central Animal Quarantine Office showed that 61,582 numbers of buffaloes were imported in the 2073-74 fiscal year. The situation isn’t any better this year either. Up until May of the current fiscal year, more than 51,600 buffaloes have already been imported. One can only wonder why these animals are not transported in a more humane way.
From Farm to the Cattle Market:
Live transportation of buffaloes to Nepal from India is banned. Local farmers bring their buffaloes to the border on foot, which are later loaded onto the truck with their heads and tails tethered to the top of the truck.
It is so sad to see the improper implementation of the rules despite the presence of a progressive regulation geared towards the protection of animal rights, Ms. Sneha Shrestha, founder of Sneha’s Care says. “During our investigation, we didn’t see any quarantine officer checking the health conditions of the animals.
Video Documentary (
Shrestha also states that she noticed the poor condition of buffaloes while transportation, and decided to observe their journey from the starting point. When the team of Sneha’s Care tried shooting the situation, people tried to stop them from documenting the procedure. In their third attempt, they pretended that they were making a film on it, and then they were granted access to shoot the journey. It took almost 23 hours for us to reach the capital, Shrestha says. The situation was extremely brutal as the cattleman sitting on the back of the truck was hitting the buffaloes with batons when they were trying to sit due to pain.
Letter & Video to the Governments:
Sneha’s Carehas sent a letter and the videos to the concern authorities to aware them of the situation these voiceless creatures are suffering from. However, if they still don’t pay attention to animal cruelty, we are considering of continuously voicing our concerns for their rights, says Sneha Shrestha the founder of Sneha’s Care.
Achievements :
•   Meetings with all the stakeholders related to “Live Animal Transportation” several times
•   Awareness & Interaction meetings with Stakeholders
•   Mandamus from Supreme Court to implement the “Live Animal Transportation Standards, 2007” and immediately draft an Animal Welfare Act in Nepal
•   Investigation at entry points of Kathmandu to make sure the “Live Animal Transportation, 2007’ is followed by the stakeholders. Quarantine Department were involved in this investigation as well
•   We received lot of messages from the consumers that they stopped eating meat
•   90% Cruelty (Tying Nose & Tails) while transporting live animals has been stopped so far
•   The video was featured in three different national television to expose the cruelty nationwide.
By Ram Dangol